Allergies are common in all age groups. It is a response of one’s own body immune system to agents like dust, metal, fibre, chemical. These agents also known as allergen are not harmful, occur freely in environment and do not bother most people they come in contact with. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one allergen. When an allergen comes in contact with an individual with allergy, it triggers an allergic or hypersensitive reaction. Heredity and environmental exposures contribute to susceptibility of an individual to allergies. A comprehensive boutique of care and treatment is provided by Allergist at Hinduja Hospital after analyzing all aspects of your lifestyle.
What is allergy?
The human immune system is programmed to combat any foreign substance (allergen, infectious agents) entering our body. In this process of dealing with allergens, the immune system produces a number of antibodies and activates blood called eosinophils. Together they attack the allergen with chemical substances. Sometimes the same chemicals can result in symptoms of allergy.
Symptoms of allergies may be obvious such as hay fever or not so obvious such as breathlessness after taking certain medicines. An allergic reaction can occur anywhere in the body (e.g. sneezing and stuffy nose, itching rash of urticaria and asthma). However other symptoms like severe urticaria, migraine and even life- threatening symptoms (reactions to drugs, foods and cosmetics) can occur.
- Specific allergic disease
- Allergic rhinitis / sinusitis
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- Exercise-induced asthma
- Chronic cough
- Vocal cord dysfunction
- Eczema, Atopic dermatitis
- Urticaria, Angioedema
- Contact Dermatitis
It is important to detect what is causing the allergy in an individual. After detecting the allergens , the best way is to avoid them (drug allergy), use control measures (house dust mites), create tolerance to them (food allergies), skin protection (urticaria) or treat them with oral vaccines (allergic colds or asthma We detect allergies by the skin Prick tests which in the hand of an allergy specialist are 90-100% sensitive. they