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Psychological problems in children

Posted by : Mr. Sreehari Nair, 29 Jul 2013 12:37 PM
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A child can be susceptible to multi-factorial problems.There can be a number of factors that can give rise to psychological problemsin children. Some of the common problems seen world over ranges from parentingto bringing up to child abuse or injury or chronic illness.

India, too, has seen a significant rise in parentsapproaching psychologist with their children. Dr. Kersi Chavda, ConsultantPsychologist, Hinduja Hospital says, “The rise in the number of calls could bebecause more and more parents are aware of such a problem and are coming out ofthe closet and are seeking answers for their children future well-being. Thereis also a greater availability of expertise.” Even though there is awareness,he doesn’t refute that the changing lifestyle is also a reason for the totalnumber of disorders to rise.

Kids have become quite demanding and parents too arerelenting to most of their demands even if they are immaterial, and when someof their demands go unheeded, they tend to get cranky and a series of incidentscould be a trigger to something big.

Some of the common disorders that Dr. Chavda lists are:

  • Attention Deficit Disorders with/without Hyperkinesis
  • Depression
  • Specific Learning Disabilities
  • Autistic Spectrum Disorder
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorders
  • Conduct Disorders 

He adds, “There are also a number of problems associatedwith issues such as living in a household wherein there is parental disharmony,or wherein one parent is a substance abuser, or where the family is made up ofa single parental unit. These cause a number of reactions that might need to bedealt with by a mental health expert.” Some more of special problems that Dr.Chavda informs are: Substance abuse in a child or an adolescent; problems relatedto child abuse; issues related to sexuality; problems related to suicidalideation and action.

Children do not always express their problems immediately. Aparent has to gauge their reactions to certain things and unearth the rootcause. In stressful situations, young children will tend to react to feedingand sleeping disturbances. A teenage child may exhibit relationshipdisturbances with friends and family, poor academic performance, or specificpsychological disorders such as phobia or psychosomatic illness. 

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