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FAQs on Acne

Posted by : Dr. Nina Madnani, 07 Feb 2013 04:49 AM
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Acne is not a serious health threat, but it can cause scars. Early
treatment is the best way to prevent scars. Your doctor may suggest
only creams, or creams with tablets or capsules depending on the
severity of the acne.

Q: How is acne caused?
A: Acne usually starts around puberty when the hormonal changes cause
an increase in grease secretion by your sebaceous ( grease ) glands.
The hormones also cause the glands to get blocked, and bacteria within
the glands , break down the grease and cause inflammation.

Q: What is the difference between acne and pimple?
A: They both mean the same condition. Acne is the medical term whilst
pimples is the layman's term.

Q: Is acne the most common disease of the skin?
A: About 85% of all teenagers will suffer from acne, but a majority
clear by 20 yrs of age.

Q: Is acne often seen in babies?
A: Acne is very rarely seen in babies and is called neonatal acne. It
is due to the transfer of mother's male hormones across the placenta
into the babies.

Q: What are the different components of acne
A: These are the components:
Whitehead: seen as a small skin-coloured bump on the skin. This
represents the top end of the cork-like blockage in the gland, under
the surface of the skin.
Blackhead:these are black dots seen on the skin and represent the top
part of the blockage which has surfaced, and now has pigment and other
debris in it.
Pustule: A small bump which has pus in it.
Nodule: a large pea-sized swelling which is painful
Cyst: a balloon-like swelling which is painful under the skin.

 Q Is acne a sign of poor hygiene?
A: acne is not a sign of poor hygiene, and no amount of washing or
scrubbing the face can wash off acne. In fact, excessive washing can
make the skin more irritated.

Q. Is it necessary to clean up whiteheads in a beauty parlour?
A. No whiteheads are not to be squeezed out as they are stuck in the
glands, and any pressure will cause a part of it to come out and rest
to go deeper, and cause more problems.

Q: Does greasy, fried foods make acne worse?
A: There is a lot of research going on on the relationship of food
with acne. Many studies have shown that foods which are high sugar and
high carbohydrates can increase the skin greasiness and increase the
acne. Also milk and milk products may worsen acne in some people. A
healthy diet is useful for quick healing of the skin.

Q: What is the best at-home care for mild acne?
A: The best treatment at home for mild acne is gentle cleansing and
skin care. Pimples should never be picked or squeezed. No matter how
careful and clean you are, playing with or popping pimples can cause
scarring of skin.

Q: How do skin therapy fight against acne?
A: Skin therapy works on the following factors- minimizing oil,
unclogging pores and killing bacteria.

Q: What precautions should be taken with cosmetics?
A: Please remember-
• Never sleep without washing off your makeup
• Choose makeup labeled non-comedogenic
Never massage your cosmetics onto your skin
• Clean your applicators frequently
• Choose loose powder-based makeup
• Avoid makeup whenever possible

Q: What is the effect of Menstrual period on acne?
A: The premenstrual flares are experienced by 63% of acne-prone women.
Such acnes usually strikes usually 7 to 10 days before the onset of a
woman’s period and then subsides after bleeding begins.

Q. Can acne be cured with facials and cleanups?
A. Absolutely not. Acne needs to be treated by dermatologists to
prevent early scarring.
Unnecessary picking on whiteheads and pimples will lead to permanent scarring.

Q. When should acne be treated?
A. Acne should be treated as early as possible. The earliest sign of
acne is the formation of blackheads and whiteheads on the cheeks,
chin, and forehead.
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