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Role of Robotics in treating prostate cancer

Posted by : Hinduja, 06 May 2019 05:26 PM
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In recent years, there has been a lot of advancement in the field of healthcare. The future of healthcare is shaping right in front of our eyes in various forms such as nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, 3D-printing, VR/AR and robotics. In this article, we will discuss men's health, prostate cancer in particular, and how technology, particularly robotics in healthcare is playing a huge role in helping doctors and patients in treating major illnesses, especially cancer.
 
 
At present, prostate cancer is the leading cause of cancer in men. It is the most common cancer after lung and mouth cancer. According to medical literature, the number of prostate cancer cases is likely to double by 2020.

What is prostate? It is a small gland that is present only in men. The size of a walnut, it sits inside a man's pelvis, occupying the space between the urinary bladder and the urethra. As the age of individual increases, the size of this gland increases and it can be a cause of worry.

Prostate cancer does not show symptoms in the initial stage, which is why it is known as a silent killer. Having said that, benign prostatic enlargement or non-cancerous growth of prostate, which is very common in the elderly population do show signs and symptoms like frequent urination and getting up often at night. These signs can be overlapped even in prostate cancer.

The risk of getting prostate cancer for any male child born is 16%, which is very high. However, we need to understand that there are two types of prostate cancer – one lethal and the other dormant which is known as the sleeping type of cancer. In India, the incidence of prostate cancer varies between 1-5% because of migration, change in diet and lifestyle, high-stress levels and high levels of pollutants.
 
There are various tests that are performed to detect whether a person can have prostate cancer, the most common one being a blood test known as PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen). The second test is a digital rectal examination that is performed by specialists. Further tests conducted are MRI on the prostate or a biopsy on the prostate. The biopsy helps to confirm whether the person is actually suffering from prostate cancer or not. An imaging test helps reveal how far cancer has progressed.

Now, what if we told you that you could treat prostate cancer through a minimally invasive treatment option using surgical robots? Yes, you read that right! Though it may sound like a sci-fi movie, surgical robots really do exist and they are changing the way prostate cancer can be treated. Basically, it is a surgeon-led operation that draws on robotic technology for assistance, which means that the surgeon is in total control throughout the operation.

This treatment known as the da Vinci robotic system is available at P. D. Hinduja Hospital and it is the only system available in India which is comprehensive, integrated and advanced. What sets apart the robotic surgery at the P. D. Hinduja Hospital from regular surgeries as well as robotic surgeries elsewhere is the fact that the da vinci xi robot is supplemented by the following equipments to further enhance precision and enable end-to-end automation. 

Integrated Motion Table – It is the first in India and optimally positions the patient for better outcomes.

Air seal iFS – It is the world's first 3-in-1 insufflations management system that automatically maintains desired pressure during surgery in the body, thereby increasing operating efficiency.

Drop-in Probe Ultra Sound – Helps better visibility and precision during surgery which results in best output during surgery.

Revolutionary advantages of Robotic surgery are:

•    Greater visualization
•    Enhanced dexterity
•    Greater precision
•    Smaller incision
•    Lesser blood loss and transfusions
•    Minimal scarring
•    Lesser infections
•    Faster recovery time
•    Shorter hospitalization

Dr Santoshi  Nagaonkar, Consultant Urologist and Robotic Surgeon  at P. D. Hinduja Hospital says, "Across the world, 98% of prostate cancer has been removed by robotic surgery."
As most medical professionals will agree, healthcare is always about doing what is best for the patients. However, the ultimate question for robotics in healthcare, like robotics in any sector is if they will replace humans. Robots are more accurate and efficient than their human counterparts but they are also expensive to install and lack basic human contact. If humans and robots learn to work together, they can prove to be a support for doctors and nurses by helping with their routine tasks, taking time away for more pressing responsibilities, perform accurate surgery with precision and make medical procedures safer.

To know more about our Robotic Surgery, click here

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