Semen analysis, also known as a sperm count test, analyzes the health and viability of a man's sperm. Semen is the fluid containing sperm (plus other sugar and protein substances) that's released during ejaculation.
The semen analysis lab report will evaluate many factors, including the following:
Volume: Normal volume ranges from 1.5 to 5.0 milliliters (a milliliter is roughly equal to a teaspoon). Low volume may be a sign of an obstruction in the ejaculatory ducts. Retrograde ejaculation in which the semen goes into the bladder instead of out of the body sometimes causes low volume.
Semen content: Researchers are learning more about the human body by understanding the content and makeup of semen. Depending on the findings from the semen content, more blood tests may be performed to check for infections or other problems.
Sperm count: This tells the number of sperm in the semen sample. A normal sperm count may be from 70 to 80 million sperm/mL. Men with a low sperm count may be very fertile if the sperm is "high quality." Still, having a low sperm count may indicate a problem in the body—giving the doctor a clue that may warrant further testing and treatment.
Sperm motility: Sperm motility is how the sperm swims, wiggles or fights to get through the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes to the egg. Normal sperm motility is when 50 percent of the sperm are moving. The lab tech will check to see how the sperm move forward, how fast, and if the sperm move in a straight line.
Sperm morphology (shape): Sperm shape can offer clues to healthy development. If the sperm is misshapen, it may indicate the sperm was exposed to chemicals or toxins or has other problems.
Semen analysis is done only with a valid prescription of the IVF consultants to be presented to IVFreceptionist for making the investigation voucher. A sample container will be handed over along with relevant instructions.Timings for Semen analysis are Mon. to Sat. morning 8:30 hrs to 10.00 hrs, afternoon 12 p.m to 1 p.m. For patient undergoing egg retrieval, husband is called at 7:30 and sample is collected and processed before OPU is done. This is to ensure that sperm sample is available before eggs are collected.
Reports are available on same day by evening at IVF reception counter only.