Psychiatry is that branch of medicine that focuses on diagnosis, counselling assistance, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders. Mental health issues including substance abuse needs to be addressed and treated with importance before that cause disruptions in families and relationships.
People seek psychiatric help for many reasons. The problems can be sudden, such as a panic attack, frightening hallucinations, thoughts of suicide, or hearing "voices." Or they may be more long-term, such as feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anxiousness that never seem to lift or problems functioning, causing everyday life to feel distorted or out of control.
Psychiatrists use various methods like talk therapy, medications and other modes of treatment to treat patients.
- Eating disorders
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Personality disorders
Psychiatrists use a variety of treatments – including various forms of psychotherapy, medications, psychosocial interventions and other treatments.
The treatment begins the moment a patient accepts his/her problem. More often than not, people who have psychological problems deny the existence of the same and avoid medications leading to worsening of the mental state. The treatment involves psychotherapy to work on emotional and behavioral aspects of an individual.
Mental health problems that the psychiatrists deal with include bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety disorder, personality disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia. They also handle drug and substance abuse, addiction and dependence.
Psychiatry illnesses can be treated through examination of signs and symptoms which then be addressed to decide on a further course of action. Whether a patient needs hospitalization or can be talked through depends on the diagnosis.